Day of St. Petersburg cats.
June 8, Residents of St. Petersburg celebrates the Day of St. Petersburg cats and cats. It was announced in 2005 as «Mitki» (the name of a group of local artists), placing on the ledge of his Studio sculpture of a cat named Tishka Matroskin.
History of the name of the holiday
The name was chosen not by chance: on the occasion of the holiday the cat was dressed in a vest, which has long been a kind of uniform «Mitkov». The history of this event began in 1999 when the St. Petersburg businessman Ilya Botka presented the city with two sculptures-a cat Elisha and a cat Vasilisa. At the suggestion of historian Sergey Lebedev, they «settled» on the eaves of Malaya Sadovaya street. The third cat, created by sculptor Vladimir Petrovichev, for a long time» lived «first at Botka, and then at Lebedev — until in 2005 the historian handed it to»Mitki». A few days later, artists installed a metal figure on the ledge of the house on Pravda street. By the way, when the Mitki group moved into the street Marata, to the same and moved the cat.
Holiday traditions of the St. Petersburg cats
As for the» world «status of the holiday, in this matter «Mitki» were guided by a simple logic. If there is a world club of St. Petersburg, why not be the world day of St. Petersburg cats and cats? As for the traditions of the celebration, on this day the artists offer all owners of mustachioed Pets to pamper them with some delicacy, and all employers-to let the employees go early by the name of Cats, cats, cats … Tishka Matroskin
By the way, Tishka Matroskin — not the only St. Petersburg cat, in honor of which established a holiday. Every year in spring the Hermitage cat day is celebrated; until 2012 it was called the day of The March cat in the Hermitage. On this day 70 cats live in the Museum and protect its exhibits from rats and mice. By the way, initially cats (or rather, their ancestors) lived in a wooden Winter Palace, where they were settled by Peter I; and his daughter, Empress Elizabeth, at one time even issued a decree «on the expulsion to the court of cats», which began as: «to Find in Kazan the best and largest cats, easy to catch mice…». Later cats moved into the new building, rebuilt during the reign of Catherine II.
Why cats are of great importance for the residents of St. Petersburg?
It is almost impossible to imagine modern St. Petersburg without cats, purrs are everywhere. The city even has several monuments to cats, and this is no accident: during the great Patriotic war, «meowing division» saved the Northern capital from hunger and epidemics. Why more valuable cats for Petersburgers of an animal there is no.
In the besieged Leningrad you could easily see the situation when the cat walked around the city under the protection of a policeman. It would seem strange, but the Petersburgers had their own reasons. Over the starving city was threatened by the invasion of rats, contagion vectors were everywhere and with catastrophic speed destroyed any food supplies. People tried to fight pests, but all the ways were ineffective: it was necessary to shoot the rats, making many hours of grueling round-up. The solution to the problem was obvious: at all costs, the city exhausted by the blockade had to return the cats. As soon as the message was established in 1943, a train with cats from Yaroslavl arrived in Leningrad. Animals bought up willingly, sparing no money though the price was huge: about 500 rubles asked for a kitten.
In memory of cats from grateful Leningrad
For comparison, the money could buy about 10 kg of bread. Many of the blockade were malnourished ration of bread, saving to buy the necessary amount.
Cats were brought to Leningrad in two stages: the task of the Yaroslavl «division» was to clear the warehouses of rodents. The second » party «of four-legged came from Siberia, these» immigrants » settled in the Hermitage, Peterhof, numerous museums and palaces of the city. Rats have already attempted on works of art, books and paintings, so that the purrs also helped to preserve the cultural funds of Russia.
Cat’s feat of modern St. Petersburg residents remember and honor. In honor of the four-legged recently created a series of luxurious cards » Cats Hermitage.»
1943 year Leningrad