The Republic of Dagestan (Dagestan) is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, a republic in its composition. It is part of the North Caucasus Federal District and is part of the North Caucasus Economic Region.
Formed January 20, 1921 as an autonomous republic within the RSFSR. The capital is the city of Makhachkala.
It borders with the Republic of Azerbaijan in the south, Georgia in the south-west, as well as with the Chechen Republic in the west, the Stavropol Territory in the north-west and the Republic of Kalmykia in the north.
According to the Constitution of the Republic of Dagestan, the state languages are Russian and the languages of all peoples inhabiting the republic. Among them are written and official status Avar, Agul, Azerbaijani, Dargin, Kumyk, Lak, Lezghin, Nogai, Rutul, Tabasaran, Tat, Tsakhur, Chechen.