Ryazan Oblast

  The Ryazan Region is a subject of the Russian Federation. Located in the western part of the country, it is part of the Central Federal District. Administrative center: the city of Ryazan. It borders on the north with the Vladimir region, in the north-east by the Nizhny Novgorod region, in the east by the Republic of Mordovia, in the southeast by the Penza region, in the south by the Tambov and Lipetsk regions, in the west by the Tula region and in the northwest by the Moscow region.    

Ryazan today gallery

 

History

Scientists claim that the history of Ryazan keeps many secrets and mysteries, and the first of them is hidden in the name of the city. Historians have not yet come to a consensus where this toponym came from, where to find its roots. True, the modern name of the settlement was received only in 1778, and before that was known as Pereyaslavl-Ryazan.

The origin of the settlement

Renaming was held by the great Catherine II, the Russian Empress, thus deciding to remind everyone of the rich past of this region and the capital of the principality. Today, historical strata in a literal and figurative sense are raised by scientists. They know that in the territory of the modern city people lived in the Paleolithic era.   In the VI century Vyatichi, representatives of the Slavic tribes settled on these lands, and in 200 years there were already many small settlements. It was necessary to have a single center, it was Pereyaslavl, erected on a high hill near the confluence of rivers. The scientists suggested that the date of foundation be 1095 on the basis of a record in the Sled Psalter. Since its inception, the city has had to defend its territories more than once and defend its rights: in the 12th century to compete with Murom, which of the cities would become the center of the Murom-Ryazan principality; in XIII – to resist the Tatar-Mongol yoke. A hundred years later, Pereyaslavl-Ryazan formed as the capital of the principality, it built a Kremlin, a jail for protection from an external enemy, houses and churches.

Ryazan in the Middle Ages

The next three hundred years passed under the sign of numerous peasant speeches and unrest – so you can characterize the history of Ryazan briefly. This was facilitated by the landowners, ruining the peasants, droughts and the famine that followed, the rise in prices for food, epidemics. Of the most important events – an armed speech led by Ivan Bolotnikov. In 1778 the Ryazan governorship was formed, in connection with which the city received a new name and a new status, and along with it its own coat of arms, depicting a warrior with a sword. The approved master plan of the city allowed to carry out the redevelopment of streets, improve urban development.

Technical progress

The era of rapid development of Ryazan and its environs comes with the advent of the XIX century. There are many industrial enterprises in the city, there is a printing house, a school, a gymnasium. The fire of 1837 changed the architectural appearance of Ryazan, wooden houses became smaller, mostly stone and brick constructions were erected. The beginning of the twentieth century was marked by the rapid development of the city, the commissioning of a power station, a water pipe, and telegraph communication. The events of the October Revolution in Petrograd could not but affect the inhabitants of Ryazan; a month later Soviet power was established in the city. And a new period of the city’s history began, with all the positive and negative moments that the entire country was going through.      

Old Ryazan

 

Winter Ryazan

 

Battle of Vozha

The Russians in the battle overtake the Tatars. On the river Vozhe Prince Dmitry Ivanovich defeated the troops of Murza Begich

In 1378 Mamai sent a large army under the command of Begich and several other Murzas to Russia. Begich walked through the Ryazan land, but the purpose of the march was Moscow. Grand Duke Dmitry Ivanovich decided not only to repulse the invasion, but also to inflict a decisive defeat on the enemy. Russian regiments under the command of the Grand Duke crossed the river Oka and walked along the Ryazan land towards Begich. Earlier than the Horde, they managed to approach the river Vozha and prepare for battle. Begich did not dare to cross the river in sight of the Russian army and, according to the chronicler, “was many days”. Then Dmitry Ivanovich himself decided to move away from the river, “give the shore” to the Horde to force them to “direct battle”. Begich fell into a trap. His cavalry began to cross through Vozh and accumulate on its left, Russian shore. The attack on the Russian army was swift and uncontrollable. “In the face” of the enemy struck a “great regiment” under the leadership of the Grand Duke, and two other regiments – Okolnichy Timothy and Prince Daniil of Pronsky – came from the flanks. Enemy cavalry in disorder rushed to the river Vozhe, and Russian soldiers, overtaking the Horde, “shackle them, cut them, and thorns, and killed them a lot, and ini in the river of exhaustion”; And he himself was killed in the Sich. The persecution of the defeated enemy continued until darkness, and rich booty fell into the hands of the victors. Remnants of the army Vegicha “ran to the Horde.” The Horde suffered complete defeat.  
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