Kabardino-Balkaria Republic (kabard-Cherkassy-Kaberdey-Bal’kar Republic, Karach-Balak Kabart-Malkar Republic, short name: Kabardino-Balkaria) is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, a republic in its composition. It is part of the North Caucasus Federal District and is part of the North Caucasus Economic Region. The capital is the city of Nalchik.
The state languages of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic in all its territory are Kabardian, Balkarian and Russian. Turkish and Ossetian languages are also common.
It borders with Karachay-Cherkessia in the west, the Stavropol region in the north, the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in the east and southeast and Georgia in the south.
Formed as the Kabardian Autonomous Region on September 1, 1921. Since January 16, 1922 the Kabardino-Balkarian Autonomous Region. December 5, 1936 transformed into the Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR.
For the tourist advertising of Kabardino-Balkaria there would be only one thing: on its territory is the highest peak of Europe and six of the eight Caucasian five-thousanders.
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