Chuvash Republic

  Chuvash Republic — Chuvashia (Chuvash Republic — Chavash Yen) (briefly: Chuvashia (Chuvash Chavash Yong) — a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, a republic [state] in its composition.  Capital — the city of Cheboksary. Borders with the Nizhny Novgorod region in the west, with the Republic of Mari El in the north, with Tatarstan in the east and with Mordovia and the Ulyanovsk region in the south. It is part of the Volga Federal District and is part of the Volga-Vyatka economic region. The Republic since 1920. State languages: Chuvash, Russian. Also common are the Tatar and Erzya languages.  

Chuvash Republic

Some well-known and massively-visited anomalous areas in the Chuvash Republic, no, no dense forests, a little mysterious and enigmatic places. In Chuvashia, many pagan and Christian cult places that have positive energy and are the places of power. Preserved and the cult of the veneration of sacred trees and healing springs!However, different anomalous phenomena are not spared and the Chuvash region, first of all, it should be noted Cheboksary, the capital has its own pathogenic and mystical place. Online a lot of reports of UFOs in different places of the Republic.
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In the 10-13th centuries on the territory of Chuvash Republic there was a state of Volga Bulgaria. In 1236-41 Bulgaria was conquered by the Mongols, 14th century, finally fell into disrepair. In the 15-16 century, the territory of Chuvash Republic in the structure of the Kazan khanate. In 1546 the Chuvash and Mari turned to Ivan the terrible, for help in the fight against the khanate. In 1551 the Chuvash voluntarily became part of Russia. On the territory of Chuvash Republic began to build a Russian fortress: Tsivilsk (1584), Yadrin (1590), etc.
Ceremonies and celebrations of the Chuvash people in the past were closely associated with their pagan religious beliefs and in strict conformity with economic and agricultural calendar. The cycle of rituals begins with the winter holiday requesting good breed of cattle, surgury (sheep spirit), dedicated to the time of the winter solstice. During the festival children and youth groups bypassed HOMESTEAD village, entering the house, wished the owners good breed of cattle, singing songs with spells. The hosts also presented their dishes.
Moscow state settlement moved after the capture of Kazan by the troops of Ivan the terrible in 1552. Royal decree in 1555, there was laid a fortress, a watch post in the system of fortifications that protected Russia from the East. Fortress claimed the authority of Moscow in the newly annexed lands. The new fortress was called Cheboksary. Double wall with towers and entrance gates, a deep ditch and a high earthen shaft made her a reliable protection against external enemies for that settled here residents. Garrison followed closely by roads and vessels sailing along the Volga.
Wanna that by the middle of XVIII century the number of the male urban population Cheboksary surpassed Vyatka, Ryazan, Bryansk, Voronezh and 202 among Russian cities by this indicator was ranked the 41st place. Craft production in the city was represented by the tanners, Kolokolnya, stone, furriers, shoemakers, even their watchmakers. In Cheboksary started to create a small industrial salatini, malt, and soap enterprises, working in the local market and for export. The city opened a salt office with plenty of salt, which is exported to the deep regions of Siberia. The merchant class grew. Among the Cheboksary merchants were even gostinodvorsky. The poorest became boatmen, fished or went into the service of the townsmen rich.
The Chuvash were distributed three forms of marriage: 1) with complete wedding ceremony and matchmaking (Tula, Taipa Cini), 2) wedding "care" (dick tuhsu Caine) and 3) abduction of the bride, often with her consent (dick Variani). Groom to the bride's house accompanied by a large wedding train. Meanwhile, the bride was saying goodbye to relatives. The parting of the bride with her friends.She was dressed in girlish clothes, covered with a blanket. The bride started crying with lamentations (dick Jerry). Train groom met at the gates with bread and salt and beer.
June 24, 1920 by a decree of the Central Executive Committee and Sovnarkom of the RSFSR established the Chuvash Autonomous oblast, and on 21 April 1925 the decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee, it was transformed into Chuvash ASSR. In June of that year included the city of Alatyr with three counties. The first years of the existence of Cubao and then CHASSR, marked by difficulties and trials, the peak of which occurs in 1921: first, the peasant revolt, brutally suppressed by the Bolsheviks, and then the disastrous crop failures and a terrible famine.
Chuvash clothes was peculiar, although he had some features typical of other peoples of the Middle Volga region. Dress, shoes, hats, jewelry — all are mostly produced directly in the farm. The main material for the manufacture of clothing served as canvas and leather. Chuvachki woven cloth of various colors and the linen and hempen canvas of different varieties — thin (Katan feast) sunbunny, smooth, puttee, rare for the lining (Shala PIR), etc., and woolen sashes and bowls of different colors.
 
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