You are met at the airport by an employee of the Russian Traditions company. After the meeting, he takes you to the hotel and settles.
Please note that the tour starts with a meeting at the airport. The flight to Moscow is not included in the tour price.
After checking into the hotel, the program begins:
1 selfie: Zero kilometer
The zero kilometer is a point of reference of highways of Russia. This place has a special magic. You have to stand in the middle, make a wish and throw a small coin behind your back. Write to us if your wish has come true outside Russia or it works only inside the country.
The zero kilometer reference point for the roads of Russia
2 selfies: Voskresenskie gate
Voskresenskie gate-a restored fragment of an ancient wall. The two-arched building with gate chambers and two tent towers topped with double-headed eagles is located between the Historical Museum and the city Duma building. Ceremonial add-gate acquired in 1680. The construction of a two-span passage at this place dates back to 1535.
3 selfies: The famous cobblestones of Red Square
The first pavement on Red Square was made of hewn logs, which in 1804 was replaced by a stone cobblestone. In 1930, after the construction of the Mausoleum of Lenin, the cobblestone pavement was replaced by granite paving stones. Stone slabs were made of granite mined on the shore of lake Onega. On this paving go tanks and heavy machinery during parades.
The famous cobblestones of Red Square
4 selfies: photo with Lenin's double
When you pass the resurrection gate, you will be able to see the artists, disguised as Lenin, Stalin, Putin and other famous Russian personalities. The cost of photos with Lenin included in the tour.
photos with look-alikes of famous Russian leaders
5 selfies: Kazan Cathedral
You have passed the resurrection gate and to your left will be the Kazan Cathedral. In 1625, a wooden Church was built on this site with the money of Prince Dmitry Pozharsky. It was named after the miraculous Kazan icon of the Mother of God.The finding of the icon dates from the year 1579, when the strong fire was made part of Kazan and the Kazan Kremlin in ruins. Sagittarius Daniel Onuchin, whose housing was badly damaged by the fire, immediately began to rebuild a new house, and under the layer of ash found the icon of the Mother of God.
According to legend, the virgin was three times in a dream ten-year daughter of Sagittarius. The mother of God asked the girl to find the hidden icon. At first, no one believed the child, but going to the specified place, Daniel found a sacred image wrapped in cloth. Soon throughout the city there were rumors of miraculous healings, thanks to the icon.
Kazan icon has long served as a symbol of protection and patronage for Russian soldiers. Before the battle of Poltava she prayed for the victory of Tsar Peter I, during the Russian-French war-Mikhail Kutuzov. During the war with the poles, Russian troops carried with them the miraculous icon lists, and on the successful completion of the battle promised to build in honor of our lady of Kazan Church on red square.
6 selfies: State Historical Museum
To your right will be The state Historical Museum. Inside is an amazing collection of historical values. The building was built in 1882 and is one of the symbols of Russia.
State Historical Museum
7 selfie: Lenin Mausoleum
Lenin's mausoleum was erected in January 27 of 1924 to perpetuate the body of the Communist leader. Now it is not only a tomb, a monument of the socialist system, but also a Museum on red square in Moscow. The mausoleum has the value of great heritage and historical value of Communists. The remains of the Great Leader of the Socialist Revolution still lie inside the mausoleum. From the rostrum of the Lenin mausoleum was made by the Soviet leaders, took pride parades.
8 selfie: the Clock on the Spasskaya tower of the Kremlin
Clock on the Spasskaya tower-clock chimes on the Spasskaya tower of the Moscow Kremlin, one of the oldest in the world. The first clock was installed in the XV century, later they were repeatedly restored and replaced. Modern chimes appeared in 1852 and are now the only completely mechanical. Every year, against the backdrop of the Spasskaya tower, the President of Russia makes a congratulatory speech,and the ringing of bells announces the new year.
Currently, there are 14 bells on the belfry. They call out the national anthem at noon and midnight, as well as at 6 am and 18 hours, "be famous" by Mikhail Glinka is performed at 3 and 9 am, 15 hours and 21 hours. The main bell rings every hour.
The clock on the Spasskaya tower of the Kremlin
Listen to the Clock on the Spasskaya tower of the Kremlin:
9 selfie: Spasskaya tower of the Moscow Kremlin
The Spassky gate has long been the main entrance to the Kremlin, and the chimes placed in the tent of the tower are known as the main clock of the country. The top of the tower is crowned by a glowing ruby star. The tower got its name from the gate icon of "the Savior of Smolensk". The icon was revered as a Saint, so the men, passing through the gate, had to take off their headdress before the image of the Savior. Legend has it that when Napoleon passed through the Spassky gate, a gust of wind tore off his head a cocked hat. But the bad omens did not end there: the French tried to steal the gilded robe that adorned the image of the Savior of Smolensk, but the staircase to the gate overturned, and the Shrine remained unharmed.
During the Soviet era, the icon was removed from the tower. For more than 70 years, the Shrine was considered lost, until in 2010, the restorers found under a layer of plaster metal mesh that hides the image of Christ. On August 28, 2010, on the feast of the assumption of the virgin, Patriarch Kirill solemnly consecrated the newly found icon above the gates of the Spasskaya tower.
Spasskaya tower of the Moscow Kremlin
10 selfie: the famous place of execution
Tourists coming to the Red Square like to take pictures near the round pedestal, which rises near the monument to Minin and Pozharsky. A noticeable place can be seen from afar. For centuries, it has been used to announce the most important sovereign decrees and executions.
In may 1606, at the steps of the platform, the disfigured corpse of the impostor false Dmitry I, who was killed by an angry crowd, lay for three days. After numerous abuses, the body of a man who posed as the son of John IV the terrible was buried in the cemetery behind the Serpukhov gate. Then the corpse was dug up, burned and the ashes shot into the side of Poland.
In the middle of the building should throw a small coin " for good luck"
the famous place of execution
11 selfies: the Monument to Minin and Pozharsky
Monument to Minin and Pozharsky-a sculptural monument dedicated to the leaders of the Second national militia in 1612, as well as the end of the time of Troubles and the expulsion of the Polish invaders from Russia. It is the first large sculptural monument in Moscow. The pedestal is decorated with bas-reliefs on two sides and the inscription: "to CITIZEN MININ AND PRINCE POZHARSKY from GRATEFUL RUSSIA. LѢTA 1818". The monument is a symbol of Russia and is depicted on medals, coins and banknotes.
Minin and Pozharsky monument
12 selfies: St. Basil's Cathedral
Founder Ivan The Terrible
First mention 1554
Date of Foundation 1555
Construction 1555-1561 years
Relics and relics of St. Basil (under a bushel)
The Cathedral of the Intercession of the blessed virgin on the Moat (St. Basil's Cathedral of the Intercession on the Moat, conversational Church (Church) Saint Basil the blessed) — the Orthodox Church in red square in Moscow, a monument of Russian architecture. Construction of the Cathedral was carried out from 1555 to 1561.
The Cathedral brings together ten of the churches (chapels), part of which was consecrated in honor of saints, memorial days which occurred in the decisive battles for Kazan. According to legend, the architects of the Cathedral of Barma and Postnik were blinded by order of Ivan the terrible, so they could no longer build such a temple. In fact, this is not so, because Postnik is mentioned in later statements.
St. Basil's Cathedral
13 selfies: Zaryadye Park
After St. Basil's Cathedral, we pass on ahead and get into the amazing Zaryadye Park. The Zaryadye natural landscape Park is an object in the same historical district of Moscow, created on the site of the Russia hotel demolished in 2006. Located on an area of 13 hectares between Kitaygorodsky passage, Varvarka street and Moskvoretskaya embankment. Built in 2014-2017.
In Zaryadye Park there is a unique opportunity to be photographed among plants of all climatic zones of Russia.
14 selfies: ice cave in Zaryadye
Just in time for the hot summer in Zaryadye opened an ice cave. Here, the temperature does not rise above-5C and is not recommended to stay longer than 15 minutes. Ice cave is located inside the pavilion "Reserved Embassy", go inside take a ticket (ticket price is included in the tour price). Those who wish can buy a ticket with a blanket, in addition, all give disposable hats and caps, which in fact are not caps, but helmets, in some places of the cave vaults hang quite low. The cave is not just ice on the walls. Many pipes form bizarre patterns and shapes, echoing on the one hand with natural objects, and on the other with complex forms of bionic architecture. This is an informative tour, telling about glaciers, and an art object. One of those places that will soon appear in all the fashion instagram.
ice cave in Zaryadye
15 selfie: the Underground Museum of Zaryadye
Once on the site of the Museum was the first street of Moscow — the Great. Now in the underground space adjacent to the Moskvoretskaya embankment, a modern interactive archaeological Museum has been created. Underground Museum "charge" is an interactive immersion into the story. Here you can take a picture with Sagittarius of the XVII century, try on a helmet and Bracers of a local nobleman, hold a heavy chain mail in your hands. Modern media technologies will allow you to master the technique of loading a gun, learn how to repel an enemy attack, choose a dress for Tsarev Sagittarius, solve puzzles, find a treasure and much more. The archaeological Museum was built around the white stone Foundation of the fortification wall built in 1535-1538. Animated characters will tell about all the exhibits of the Museum and reveal them from an unusual side.
Authentic objects found during the excavations of the Charge, also included in the exhibition. For example, weapons of the XV-XVII centuries, which remained here after the defense of Moscow from foreign invaders: hammers, spears, stone and iron nuclei, fragments of defensive weapons and firearms. You will see the everyday objects of ordinary citizens - their shoes, dishes and jewelry. On a separate showcase there are rich treasures, hidden here at different times by residents. Here you can take a picture with Sagittarius of the XVII century, try on a helmet and Bracers of a local nobleman, hold a heavy chain mail in your hands. Modern media technologies will allow you to master the technique of loading a gun, learn how to repel an enemy attack, choose a dress for Tsarev Sagittarius, solve puzzles, find a treasure and much more.
the Underground Museum of Zaryadye
16 selfies: Northern landscapes of Zaryadye Park
Rocky outcrops of rocks are covered with perennial grasses, flowering from spring to autumn shrubs, mosses, lichens and dwarf trees, typical of the tundra. Here there are dwarf pine, raspberry Arctic willow and the group. In nature, the most important factor in the existence of the tundra — permafrost. In the natural conditions of a short polar summer organic substances do not have time to decompose completely, so the nutrient content of the soil and the nitrogen content are very low — this limits the rapid growth of plants. The growing season in tundra plants compared to the middle band is very short. Since it is impossible to create permafrost without energy costs in the weather conditions of Moscow, the Park has thought out engineering solutions that simulate it. Thus, the stagnation of water is supported by a waterproof underground layer of clay. Mist-forming units moisturize the air. A rocky layer allows you to drain the top layer of soil to the roots feed on moisture and plants are well developed.
Northern landscapes of Zaryadye Park
17 selfie: Gastronomic center of the Park Zaryadye
The visit to the gastronomic center is not included in the tour price and is paid separately by the tourist.
In the gastronomic center " Zaryadye "on eight" gourmet Islands " dishes are prepared according to the rethought recipes of traditional Russian cuisine. And as a souvenir, you can buy made specifically for the "Charge" eco — preserves and delicacies brought from different parts of the country-from the Far East to the Black sea.
Oyster and champagne bar with wild oysters and hedgehogs from the sea of Japan
Ice showcase with seafood and fish from all the seas and oceans washing Russia "Prawns»
Select and cut steaks including dry-aged from Voronezh, Bryansk and Kazan station "Mesomeso»
"Gueudeville" with all sorts of poultry, beef and lamb, cooked on skewers
All variety of soups on " soup Station»
Dumplings, dumplings, pancakes and other dough dishes in the " Sculpted»
For dessert-cakes, cakes and eclairs " at the samovar»
Oyster and champagne bar with wild oysters and hedgehogs from the sea of Japan
Ice showcase with seafood and fish from all the seas and oceans washing Russia "Prawns»
Select and cut steaks including dry-aged from Voronezh, Bryansk and Kazan station "Mesomeso»
"Gueudeville" with all sorts of poultry, beef and lamb, cooked on skewers
All variety of soups on " soup Station»
Dumplings, dumplings, pancakes and other dough dishes in the " Sculpted»
For dessert-cakes, cakes and eclairs " at the samovar»
Gastronomic center of the Park Zaryadye
18 selfie: pine forest Park Zaryadye
An evergreen forest of firs and pines grows above the restaurant. The undergrowth is planted with Lily, the bell persinality, ferns, Solomon's seal and primrose. The root system of the fir trees is superficial, so the spruce is windy, that is, often falls under the influence of strong wind. Firs do not tolerate soil compaction and trampling. Because of these difficulties, experts do not recommend spruce for use in landscaping of the city. Therefore, the coniferous forest in Zaryadye is a real experiment. That he was successful in the forest paved walking paths, which should not go, otherwise the forest does not survive.
pine forest Park Zaryadye
19 selfies: Ponds surrounded by coastal plants and ancient trees
In the wetter low-lying areas of the Park, where once flowed the river Neglinka, created artificial ponds. Around them are planted coastal and semi-aquatic plants. Local flora is represented by hydrophilic shrubs, herbaceous perennials and herbs. Plants of coastal areas is primarily grasses, sedges and flowering herbs with wide leaves. In "charge" of the ponds grow: iris swamp loosestrife monetary, stevia purple loosestrife loosestrife, forget-me-not forest, Butterbur wide, European globe flower, Highlander snake, Adonis Kukushkin, phalaris cane, astilba, daylilies, turfy hair grass, marsh thelypteris, creeping Buttercup, meadowsweet and marsh marigold. Frogs and newts will settle in the ponds. In addition, the coastal flora is the habitat of insects and nesting of waterfowl. Maples, Linden and oaks, which grew here before the construction of the Park, are preserved.
Ponds surrounded by coastal plants and ancient trees.
20 selfie: Meadow Park Zaryadye
In the center of the Park on a low hill is a mixed grass meadow. Part of it is sown with perennial grasses and daisies, resistant to trampling. Here you can sunbathe and play sports. Another part of the meadow, with wild flowers — geranium, Basil, Bluebell, Daisy, chicory, tansy and reed, — the habitat of many butterflies, beetles, bees, wasps, bumblebees and other insect pollinators. Meadows in Russia are very diverse in their species composition.
Meadow Park Zaryadye
21 selfies: Birch forest, through which you can see the Kremlin
At the entrance to the Park from the red square stretches birch grove. Its ground cover is collected from creeping thyme, umbrella hawk and other herbs. Through the birch trees-one of the symbols of Russia - overlooking the Red square, St. Basil's Cathedral and the Kremlin. In nature, Bereznyak is an intermediate type of forest, broad-leaved or spruce trees develop under its canopy, and in the long term Bereznyak always turns into spruce forest. Therefore, in" Zaryadye " birch grove bordered by coniferous forest that reproduces the natural order of things. The change of one type of vegetation to another in botany is called succession, this phenomenon is clearly represented on the border of birch and large meadows.
20 selfies: Birch forest, through which you can see the Kremlin.
22 selfies: Zaryadye Park steppes
In the steppe zone created a minimum soil layer planted with frost and drought-resistant plants characteristic of this zone. In the steppe zone due to low humidity and very hot summer in the soil there is an active accumulation of humus. It gives a characteristic color to the soil, called Chernozem. But in Moscow, black soil is not viable-there is a different temperature and humidity regime, a lot of moisture and low temperatures. Therefore, to create a steppe landscape was made a special loamy substrate with the addition of lime crushed stone, which supports the necessary for the local flora alkaline soil reactions. Ornamental grasses and flowering perennial grasses change the color and texture of the landscape throughout the year.
21 selfies: Zaryadye Park steppes
23 selfies: media Center
Educational events, lectures, seminars are held inside the building. While there is an opportunity to listen and participate in Russian, so we suggest just take a picture of a beautiful building.
24 selfies: Floating bridge in Zaryadye Park
"Floating bridge "in Moscow, in Zaryadye Park, was opened for visits on September 9, 2017.
Here are just some interesting facts about the unique floating bridge:
The length of the bridge is about 244 meters;
The weight of the bridge structure is 3700 tons;
The highest altitude above the river level is 15 meters
The length of the cantilever unsupported part of the floating bridge-70 meters;
Construction costs-about 860 million rubles!
selfie 25: Church of the Conception of Anna, in the Corner
We turn our backs to the floating bridge and cross Zaryadye Park in a straight line, back to red Square. On the right you can see the Church of the Conception of Righteous Anna, which is in the corner. This is one of the oldest Moscow parish churches, located in Zaryadye, at the intersection of Kitaygorodsky passage and Moskvoretskaya embankment. The existing building was built in the middle of the XVI century. Over the centuries of its existence, this temple had many names: the Conception of righteous Anna on the East end, at the city wall in the Corner, in China-the city on the shore, behind the Salt nearby. The Church of the Conception of Anna on the East end was built immediately after the panic moods associated with the expectation of the end of the world. According to the Christian chronology in 1492 came the seventh thousand years from the biblical Creation of the world (5508 years before the birth of Christ plus 1492 after the birth of Christ is 7000 years). In Orthodox Easter the calculation of the celebration of Easter, the Resurrection of Christ, was brought only to 1491, and in relation to the fatal year 1492 made notes: "Woe, Woe reached the end of centuries." The light show was waited with fear and awe, it seemed inevitable, even the exact date was announced – on the night of March 25, 1492.
In this situation, the Church of the Conception of the Righteous Anna is built at the end of the main great street of ancient Posad in full of doom and hopelessness by the decree of Ivan III Vasilyevich. Interestingly, following this, the Tsar of all Russia was forbidden to take the Muscovites in their homes in the city of merchants and ordered to build a "Seating yard". These were the first hotels in Moscow.
selfie 26: Concert hall - " Glass bark"
Further along our route we go around the left Concert hall, which all Muscovites together called "Glass bark". "Glass bark", covering the hill of the concert hall, is a unique glass structure with an area of 8500 square meters. It has no external walls and consists of 2618 panels, 152 of them are solar. The glass canopy follows the landscape and protects the audience from the weather. Artificial "bark" has no external walls and does not prevent the access of fresh air. The technology of artificial microclimate throughout the seasons supports the temperature at the top of the hill, comfortable for heat-loving plants, and allows visitors to warm up, enjoying the view of the snow-covered city.
The glass canopy follows the landscape and protects the audience from the weather. Artificial "bark" has no external walls and does not prevent the access of fresh air. The technology of artificial microclimate throughout the seasons supports the temperature at the top of the hill, comfortable for heat-loving plants, and allows visitors to warm up, enjoying the view of the snow-covered city.
selfie 27: Varvarka Street. The area of Pop stars
We again go around The ice cave and go further to the intersection with one of the oldest streets of Moscow. On the right you will see the area of Pop Stars. Created on the model of the Hollywood "Walk of fame" and, according to the idea of its inspirers, should represent the most prominent figures of modern Russian popular culture.
the area of Pop Stars
selfie 28: chambers of the Romanov boyars
The boyars Romanov chambers is the only Museum in Russia that introduces visitors to all aspects of the Patriarchal life of the Moscow boyars of the XVI-XVII centuries by the example of genuine monuments of applied art. Here you will see the recreated interiors-both residential and commercial, furniture of the time, household items and personal items, clothing and utensils, tiled stoves, embossed leather, chests, old books, fabrics and more. The white stone building of the chambers was once part of a large city court. According to scientists, the time of the estate Foundation dates back to the end of the XVI century. According to legend, here, July 12, 1596, was born Mikhail Romanov, the founder of the new Royal dynasty .
chambers of the Romanov boyars
selfie 29: the Russian Orthodox Church Courtyard of the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia temples in Zaryadye, in China-the city
We go further past the ancient beautiful churches of ancient Moscow. In these churches there were Russian tsars and tsarinas, princes, nobles, ordinary people.
the Patriarch's compound in Zaryadye
selfie 30 : Church of Maximus the blessed in Varvarka
China-the city has become a real Moscow phenomenon, where the rapid trade was combined with the creation of a huge number of temples. It is believed that the street Varvarka got its name from the Church of the great Martyr Barbara, which has since ancient times been revered as the patroness of trade. In the second half of the XIV century on Varvarka there was a rich manor surozhan with a house wooden Church in the name of Boris and Gleb. Saint Maxim the Blessed often prayed at this Church. He became the first in Russia a fool.
Church of Maximus the blessed in Varvarka
selfie 31: Old English yard
The old English court, once housed the English Moscow trading company. These chambers — one of the oldest buildings of the capital, built in the late XV-early XVI century. Now there is a Museum "Old English yard" ("English compound"), the exhibition which tells about the trade relations between England and Russia Shakespearean times. In 1553, sir Richard Chancellor (?-1556) by order of the English king Edward VI (1537-1553, on the throne since 1547) went through the Arctic ocean in search of the Northern route to India and China. For these purposes, the company "Mystery and Company of Merchant Adventures for the Discovery of Regions, Dominions, Islands, and Places unknown" equipped three ships: "good Hope" (Bona Esperanza), "Good hope" (Bona Confidentia) and "Edward Good Enterprise" (Edward Bonaventure).
One day, a storm broke that separated the ships. Two of them entered the White sea and on August 24, 1553 "Eduard Bonaventura" anchored at the Summer coast in Dvina Bay of the White sea, opposite the village of nenox. Then he went to the island of Yagra and moored near the Nikolo-Korelsky monastery, where the city was later founded Severodvinsk. There was sent a messenger to the Tsar Ivan the terrible, who was interested in trade with England and invited sir Chensler in Moscow. In 1554 sir Richard Chanslor returned to London with a letter on free trade with Russia. King Edward had died at the time, and Queen Mary I Tudor (1516-1558, on the throne from 1553) ascended to the throne, which was succeeded by Elizabeth I Tudor (1533-1603) in 1558. In 1555, the company "Mystery and Company of Merchant Adventurers..." was renamed the Moscow company, two of its representatives on two ships under the command of Chenslore went to Russia.
The British received special rights and liberties: they had the right to freely and duty-free trade in Russia, to set prices. The main exchange of goods was in the hills. Also the Tsar granted them the former chambers of Ivan Bobrishchev in Zaryadye where the representative of the Moscow company was opened.
Old English yard
selfie 32: the Church of the Barbara great Martyr on Varvarka
Barbara, a Martyr of the III – IV centuries of our era, was the daughter of noble and wealthy Dioscorus from the Phoenician city Iliopol. During the persecution of Christianity, she was baptized and put into custody by her own father. Then Dioscorus and even gave his daughter to the ruler of the city, named Martianus. St. The barbarian was imprisoned and brutally tortured, but the Savior appeared to her at night and healed the wounds. Once the barbarian was brought to the street, and from the crowd gathered one Christian named Juliana loudly began to denounce the torturers. She was captured and beheaded with Barbara in 306.
Like Paraskeva Friday, St. Barbara was revered in Moscow as the patroness of trade, so her Church was built in the heart of the Moscow commercial Posad. Since ancient times, artisans and merchants settled here, near the Kremlin's Eastern wall, and a lively trade was in full swing right at the Kremlin.
the Church of the Varvara great Martyr on Varvarka
selfie 33: "living room" (Gostiniy) yard
The old Gostiny Dvor is the oldest Gostiny Dvor in Moscow. It occupies a quarter of China-town between the streets the Barbarian and Ilyinka and Crystal and Fishing lanes. For the first time Gostiny Dvor in Moscow is mentioned in the book of the Austrian envoy Sigismund von Herberstein "Notes on Muscovy", in which he describes a visit to the capital in the 1520s.
selfie 32: "living room" (Gostiniy) yard
Return to the hotel
34 selfie: GUM (Main Department Store of Moscow)
You go through Crystal lane along the arcade and get on the street Ilyinka, which is the main store of Russia - GUM. a large shopping complex (Department store) in the center of Moscow, which occupies an entire block of Kitai-Gorod and overlooks the main facade of the Red square. The building, built in pseudo-Russian style, is a monument of architecture of Federal importance.
GUM (Main Department Store of Moscow)
35 selfies: GUM inside
Inside Gum there is a huge number of shops, cafes, restaurants. GUM changes the look every season. This is a huge space for photos. There is a cinema, toilet. In Gum sold the most delicious ice cream of Russia, be sure to try it.
36 selfies: GUM, in the center of the hall by the fountain
If you have an appointment in Gum it is necessary in the center of the hall near the fountain. This means a large fountain on the ground floor in the center. The fountain is constantly changing its design, next to it is necessary to take a picture.
The GUM fountain
37 selfie: monument to Marshal Zhukov
From Gum you go to the Red Square and leave it through the same Voskresenskiye gate.
On the left you will see a monument-a man on a horse. This man is the Great Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov. This is the man who led the Soviet Union to victory over Nazi Germany. Muscovite The sculpture is made in the style of socialist realism. Marshal Georgy Zhukov is depicted riding a horse, which tramples hooves of the standard of Nazi Germany. The sculpture evokes allusions to St. George defeating the serpent. Hero privste in the stirrups, welcoming their comrades. The sculptor sought to portray the most solemn episode in the life of Zhukov, when he took the Victory Parade on June 24, 1945.
monument to Marshal Zhukov
38 selfies: corner Arsenal tower of the Moscow Kremlin
The corner Arsenalnaya tower (also big Arsenalnaya, Sobakina) is the northernmost and massive tower of the Moscow Kremlin. Built in 1492. The tower completed the defense line from the red square and controlled the crossing over the Neglinnaya river to the Bargaining. She's beautiful.
The corner Arsenalnaya tower
39 selfies: Tomb of the unknown soldier
This is not a place for selfies, this place can be photographed as the whole power of the memory of the Russian people. Russia remembers the Second World War, remember the atrocities of fascists, killed, wounded and maimed, destroyed cities and plundered museums. May 8, 1967 at the Kremlin wall on the tomb of the Unknown soldier was lit Eternal flame in memory of the heroes who died during the great Patriotic war. On the granite slab of the gravestone is inscribed: "your Name is unknown, your feat is immortal".
To the left of the tombstone is a wall of crimson quartzite with the inscription: "those who Died for their Homeland. 1941-1945".
By the decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 8, 1997 at the Eternal flame on the tomb of the Unknown soldier in Moscow was established a permanent guard of honor of the Presidential regiment. According to the document, the change of the guard on duty takes place daily every hour from eight to 20 hours. Stop to watch the changing of the guard!
Tomb of the unknown soldier
40 selfie: Stella and the cities-heroes of World War II
Alley of hero cities and cities of military glory – a memorial complex located at the Kremlin wall in the Alexander garden. Inside the blocks there are capsules with the earth taken from the memorable place of each of these cities. In total, thirteen hero cities were noted, including Moscow, Leningrad, Novorossiysk, Kerch, Odessa and others.
Close to the Avenue stands a granite stele. It is a monument to the cities of military glory. Over the entire length of the block, which is about 10 meters, the names of more than 40 cities, which was awarded this honorary title, are applied.
On the left side of the memorial complex is an obelisk made of scarlet quartzite, on which is located the inscription: "1941-1945 Fallen for the Motherland." Every year in the days when we remember the heroes of the great Patriotic war and mourn this tragic period in the history of our country, a lot of people gather here, including representatives of official delegations, honorary persons of the city and ordinary residents of the capital. They lay wreaths and pay tribute to those who fought for our country.
Alley of hero cities and cities of military glory
41 selfies: grotto "Ruins" in the Alexander garden
The grotto was built in 1820-1823 by architect Osip Bove as a memorial to Moscow destroyed in 1812 and symbolizes the revival of the city from the ashes. During its construction, the wreckage of Moscow buildings destroyed by the French army and details of decorative design were used, which can be seen in the masonry of the wings. ((This refers to Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812).
grotto "Ruins" in the Alexander garden
42 selfies: Romanovsky obelisk in the Alexander garden
Romanov obelisk in honor of the 300th anniversary of the reign of the Romanovs-an amazing memorial, set in the Alexander garden in 1914. Originally dedicated to the Romanov dynasty, in the Soviet years it was converted into a Monument-an obelisk to outstanding thinkers and activists of the struggle for the liberation of workers, and today - actually lost in an attempt to restore the original appearance; thus, the modern obelisk is an inaccurate copy of the historical. The top of the obelisk is crowned by a gilded double-headed eagle, under which is placed the coat of arms of the Romanov boyars-Griffin with a sword and shield, and below the full height of the monument marked the names of kings and emperors of the Romanov dynasty from Mikhail Fedorovich to Nicholas II:
"Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, Tsar Feodor Alekseevich, Tsar Ioann Alekseevich, Emperor Peter the great, Empress Catherine I of Russia, Emperor Peter the Second, Empress Anna Ioannovna, the Empress Elizabeth, Emperor Peter III, Empress Catherine II, Emperor Paul the First, Emperor Alexander the First, Emperor Nicholas I, Emperor Alexander II, Emperor Alexander III, Emperor Nicholas II".
On the obelisk is not only the name of Ivan VI Antonovich, Emperor baby, who ruled in the age of 1 year, and then was deposed and spent his entire life in prison until at age 23 he was killed.
Romanovsky obelisk in the Alexander garden
43 selfies: Kutafya tower of the Moscow Kremlin
Despite its low height, Kutafya tower was reliable in terms of defense against intruders. Those wishing to take the fortress under siege was waiting for a surprise – in moments of danger access to the tower was limited to the gate, which was closed with the help of the lifting part of the bridge. In addition, in the process of building the tower in its construction were provided mashikuli and loopholes plantar battle. One can judge the reliability of the Kutafya tower by the fact that it was surrounded by a moat and the Neglinka river flowing on the territory of Moscow. And when in the XVI-XVII centuries the water in the river rose to a considerable height, the tower became protected from all sides. It was possible to get to it only from the side of the city, but only on the inclined bridge.
Date of construction: 1516 Tower height: 13.5 m.
Kutafya tower of the Moscow Kremlin
44 selfies: ticket Offices (ticket sales) of the Moscow Kremlin
Attention! Ticket offices are open from 9.30 to 16.30 day off-Thursday
The self-guided tour with audio guide "Architectural ensemble Cathedral square. The Assumption, Archangel, Annunciation cathedrals" in Russian, English, German, French, Spanish, Italian
The duration of the audio tour is about 1 hour.
The duration of using the audio guide-2 hours.
The purchase of a ticket and an audio guide is included in the price of the tour.
ticket Offices (ticket sales) of the Moscow Kremlin
45 selfies: Troitskaya tower of the Moscow Kremlin
The Troitskaya tower is the highest tower of the Moscow Kremlin, located in the middle of the North-Western part of the Kremlin wall. The gate of the tower, to which the Troitskaya bridge from Kutafya tower leads through the Alexander garden, serves as the main entrance to the Kremlin for visitors to the fortress. The tower was built in 1495-1499. Attention! The Kremlin has a special security regime! Don't try to smuggle something forbidden!
It is interesting that in the 16-17 centuries in the two-storey base of the tower there was a prison. Today, the Troitskaya tower houses the Russian Presidential orchestra, with recording studios, offices and a rehearsal room in its interior. In addition, the Troitskaya gate is the main entrance to the Kremlin for residents and tourists passing through the Kutafya tower and the Troitskiy bridge, Troitskaya tower visitors walk inside the fortress.
Troitskaya tower of the Moscow Kremlin
Rules of visit to the Moscow Kremlin The commandant's Office ensures order in the Moscow Kremlin.
Visitors enter the Moscow Kremlin through the Trinity and Borovitsky gates on entrance tickets. Photography in the Kremlin is allowed and is free. Photography inside museums, including cathedrals, is prohibited. When visiting the Kremlin, no restrictions on photography by SLR cameras were observed. However, you are unlikely to be allowed to carry a tripod. Visitors are allowed to walk only on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin, for example, within the Cathedral square, around the bell tower of Ivan the Great, where there are the Tsar cannon and the Tsar bell, from the Kutafya tower to the Cathedral square, from the Cathedral square to the Armory, as well as the Kremlin square. It is forbidden to visit the Moscow Kremlin by visitors in a state of intoxication, at discrepancy of clothes to the standards accepted in public places; It is forbidden to enter with weapons and dangerous to life and health objects; All of the items, the entrance to which is prohibited, shall be in a storage facility located in the Alexander garden; It is forbidden to go behind the fence, eat and drink alcohol, climb monuments and paste printed materials; It is forbidden to sing, dance and play musical instruments.
The Scheme Of The Moscow Kremlin
The Scheme Of The Moscow Kremlin
46 selfie : Arsenal building
The Arsenal, or Zeughaus (German for "Armory building"). Gun house is considered a relatively young building, as it began to build in the early XVIII century. The Arsenal of the Moscow Kremlin (tseykhgauz) — a monument of architecture of the XVIII —XIX centuries.Located between the Troitskaya and Nikolskaya towers. Was founded by Peter I in 1701 as the "Zeughaus" (it. Zeughaus - "gun house").
After the great Moscow fire of 1701, Peter I ordered to begin construction of Caause that the idea of the king had become a military warehouse and storage location of the spoils of war. Currently, the Arsenal includes the barracks of the Kremlin regiment and the administrative services of the Kremlin commandant's office.
47 selfies: Artillery guns at the Arsenal building
Along the southern and Eastern facades of the Arsenal building in the Moscow Kremlin is a Museum collection of artillery of the XVI-XIX centuries.
There are 14 ancient Russian guns of the XVI-XVII centuries, 15 guns of the same time of foreign masters and 754 guns, mortars, howitzers, which are the military trophies of the Patriotic war of 1812.among them there are guns of French, Austrian, Prussian, Italian, Spanish, Dutch and other European countries. Almost all of these tools have their own names and have a kind of decor.
Artillery guns at the Arsenal building.
48 selfies: the State Kremlin Palace
The state Kremlin Palace was formerly the Kremlin Palace of congresses. This public building, located in the Moscow Kremlin, was built on the initiative of Nikita Khrushchev. It was intended for the Congress of the CPSU, and also served as a platform for theatrical performances, concerts and other public events. Opened on October 17, 1961 XXII party Congress.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Palace retained its status as one of the most prestigious theater and concert venues in Russia. It is here that the main Christmas Tree of the Country is held.
the state Kremlin Palace
49 selfies: Senate square
In the North-East of the Moscow Kremlin, on the territory between the monumental buildings of the Senate and Arsenal, adjacent to the Nikolskaya tower, is the Senate square.
Nikolskaya tower is a uniting center of the square building and a kind of high-rise dominant of it.
Senate square of the Moscow Kremlin
50 selfies: Where is the President of Russia Vladimir Putin?
The residence of the President of Russia in the Senate Palace consists of business and representative (front) parts. The business part includes the working and representative offices of the President, the offices of his closest assistants, the meeting room of the Security Council, the presidential library.
The office of the President is located in the center of the business part of the residence. Unfortunately, you can't come close and take a selfie with Vladimir Putin, but you can take a picture from afar. Do not forget to put a geotag!
Senate Palace Of The Moscow Kremlin
51 selfies: King-gun (Tzar Pushka)
Date of creation: 1586
Characteristics: length-5.34 m, barrel diameter-120 cm, caliber-890 mm, weight-39.31 tons. Tsar cannon is considered one of the main attractions of the Kremlin in Moscow. This is the greatest monument of Russian artillery.
Being the largest-caliber gun in the world, the king-gun is in the Guinness book of records.
History of the king-gun: In 1586 in Moscow came the alarming news: the city is moving Crimean Khan with his Horde. In this regard, the Russian master Andrei Chokhov cast a huge gun that fired stone buckshot and was intended to protect the Kremlin. Initially, the gun was installed on a hill to protect the bridge across the Moscow river and the defense of the Spasskaya gate. However, the Khan did not reach Moscow, so the townspeople did not see how the gun, called for its size the Tsar cannon, beats. In the XVIII century the gun was moved to the Moscow Kremlin, and since then it has not left its borders. The Tsar cannon is located on the iron carriage, which performs a decorative function. The gun itself was cast in bronze. Nearby are decorative cast-iron core. On the right side of the gun depicts Fyodor Ivanovich on horseback. On the head of the Prince crown, and in his hands he holds a scepter. Next to the image it is written that this is the Grand Duke Fedor Ivanovich, who is The sovereign-autocrat of great Russia. It is believed that the name of the gun could get through the image of the Prince. In addition to the king of guns, you can find another name - "Russian Shotgun". This name is due to the fact that the gun was cast specifically for shooting shot, the so-called buckshot.
King-gun (Tzar Pushka)
52 selfie: the Bell tower of Ivan the Great
The history of the Church-bell tower of Ivan the Great officially begins in 1329, when on the site of today's Church was built the Church of Ivan the ladder with the characteristic name "under the Bell". This Church did not stand for long-just before 1505, and in the same year a specially invited architect Fryazin from Italy began to build a new Church. The construction of the new Church was timed to coincide with the death of Prince Ivan III and was completed in 1508. Muscovites diva literally marveled - such high stone churches in Moscow, and the whole of Russia has not seen: because the height of the temple at the highest point was 81 meters. In 1600, Boris Godunov Church of Ivan the Great was thoroughly modernized - it was added an additional layer of cylindrical shape. Surely many are familiar with this expression: "full Ivanovo". So, it went from these places-next to the temple of Ivan the Great (on its Eastern side) was a square, which was called Ivanovo. This is a square "full Ivanovo" heralds sounded princely decrees and the torturers punished.
the Bell tower of Ivan the Great
53 selfies: King Bell
The Tsar bell in the Moscow Kremlin is a giant who never rang. The Moscow Kremlin is known for one of its most notable historical sights - the Tsar bell.
And it does not strike with its sound (The Tsar bell never rang), but first of all with its own weight and huge size. Currently, the bell is located on Ivanovo square and everyone can see it. The height with a jumper is 6.24 m, diameter-6.6 m; weight 202 tons. It was never used for its intended purpose. The bell was cast by order of Empress Anna Ioannovna in 1730 in memory of her descendants about her reign. The bell was damaged in 1737 during a fire and lay in the ground for about a century. In the first half of the XIX century it was raised and installed on a pedestal in the Moscow Kremlin near the bell tower "Ivan the Great".
54 selfies: observation deck at the Bell tower of Ivan the Great
Excursions to the observation deck are held on schedule: 10:15, 11:15, 13:00, 14:00, 15:00, 16:00, from may 15 to September 30 there is a session at 17: 00, Thursday-day off. Children under 14 are not allowed.
View from Ivan the Great bell tower
55 selfies: Borovitskaya tower, exit from the Kremlin
The Moscow Kremlin is huge. Its scheme looks like an irregular quadrangle. Behind the Armory in the corner of the fortress stands Borovitskaya tower, named after the hill on which it stands. Through this building is the exit from the Kremlin.
Borovitskaya (Predtechenskaya) tower is one of the South-Western towers of the Moscow Kremlin. It goes to the Alexander garden and Borovitsky square, located next to a Large Stone bridge. The name of the tower, according to legend, comes from the ancient boron, which once covered one of the seven hills on which Moscow stands.
Borovitskaya tower, exit from the Kremlin
56 selfie: Monument to Prince Vladimir
On the day of national unity, November 4, 2016, a solemn ceremony was held in Moscow to mark the opening of the monument to St. Prince Vladimir.
The monument can be called, in the full sense, the people, it was created at the expense of the Russian military-historical society and private donations. In total, more than 100 million rubles were collected.
The monument to Vladimir is installed on Borovitsky hill, its height together with the pedestal is 17.5 meters. Three bas-reliefs tell us about the life and deeds of the Prince. This is a real sculptural paintings. The first of them glorifies Prince Vladimir as a ruler and Builder of Russian cities. On the second bas-relief we see the baptism of Vladimir and the third depicts the baptism of Russia.
Monument to Prince Vladimir
57 selfies: the fountain of 4 seasons
Fountain with four horses on Manezh square is part of the fountain complex near the Alexander garden. It has another name - "Geyser". Powerful, like shooting jets really resemble a pulsating geyser with an ever-changing ejection force.
This is the main fountain of the capital. It is with him that the launch of all the hydraulic structures of the city begins every year. For 20 years, this event is held annually in a solemn atmosphere with the participation of the mayor. The architectural component of the fountain is a sculptural composition of four frolicking horses. The author of the sculptural group is Zurab Tsereteli. The fountain is a popular holiday destination for Muscovites and visitors. Here they make wishes, confess their love and even try to stroke the horses (it is believed that then the plan will surely come true). The fountain represents the Moscow of the 90-ies, which has been characterized by a blend of European Polish and Russian swing.
the fountain of 4 seasons
58 selfie Monument to Patriarch Hermogenes
A monument to Patriarch Germogen (Hermogenes) is a bronze sculpture on a pedestal in the center of Moscow in memory of the second Patriarch of the Germogen (CA. 1530 — 1612). The idea of the monument was born in the early XIX century, after the installation of the monument to Minin and Pozharsky on the red square. According to the plan, the monument to Hermogenes, whose role in the history of Russia during the time of Troubles is close to the scale of the role of Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky, was planned to be installed on the territory where the Lenin mausoleum is now located. Sources of funding for the construction of the monument was the country's leadership and benefactors: the Foundation of the exaltation . Was formed by the Regional public Fund of assistance to voluntary organizations for setting the monument of "Patriarch Hermogenes", the creation of which was attended by the regional public movement "people's Cathedral" and the Orthodox Women's Patriotic society. The composition of the Fund is comprised of approximately 250 organizations from different regions of Russia.
A monument to Patriarch Germogen (Hermogenes)
59 selfie: Manege square
Manezhnaya square (in 1967-1990 — the 50th anniversary of October) is one of the largest squares in the center of Moscow, located near the Kremlin and Alexander garden. Near the square is the building of the Moscow Arena. In the center of the square on the surface of the glass dome of the underground shopping complex "Okhotny Ryad", crowned with a sculpture of St. George. Between the Manege square and the Alexander garden dug a channel along which sculptures of Zurab Tsereteli are installed.
60 selfie: Fountain Watch of the world
When you move on the Manege square, you just can not help but pay attention to the design of the dome-shaped, on top of which proudly sits astride the horse George. This fountain "Clock of Peace" is one of the attractions of the capital city center. It is located directly above the shopping complex "Okhotny Ryad", at the same time, being its dome. This is not just a fountain, but a real watch, however, with a kind of dial. The fountain is equipped with a special glass dome with a map of the Northern hemisphere. It is divided into 24 parts, each of which corresponds to one of the time zones with the cities – the capitals of the States. Each sector is equipped with 12 lights, which, catching fire, add to the present time for 5 minutes.
Shopping arcade "Okhotny Ryad" - one of the most famous places in modern Moscow. Even from the eighteenth century on the river trading of various Souvenirs and rare treats. "Okhotny Ryad" is associated with the guests and Muscovites with the nearest metro station, from which you can walk to the red square, and with luxury shops. The three-storey shopping complex is located underground. The entrance and ground dome of the shopping center are decorated with wrought iron grilles and fountains. The mosaic that belongs to the hand of the famous architect Zurab Tsereteli. On the dome there is a figure of St. George and a unique clock with a movable dome, which can be found time anywhere in the world. Tourists from all over the world come to admire them.
underground shopping complex "Okhotny Ryad".
62 selfies : in the center of the hall near the fountain in Okhotny Ryad
The Russians and then appoint a meeting in the center of the hall near the fountain. Moreover, the fountain of fabulous beauty.
В центре зала у фонтана в Охотном ряду
63 selfies: restaurants on the first floor in Okhotny Ryad
On the ground floor of the complex there are a large number of restaurants, restaurants, both international and Russian food networks. You are sure to find a meal to your liking. Refresh yourself in tight! There is still a walk through the Night Moscow!
restaurants on the first floor in Okhotny Ryad
64 selfie : the Former hotel Moskva
Hotel "Moscow" on Okhotny Ryad, 2 one of the largest in the capital of Russia. It was originally built between 1933 and 1935. The hotel complex was dismantled in 2004, and in its place was built a building that was built according to the actual original drawings and almost completely reproduces the old forms dismantled earlier. Now the hotel is called Four Seasons Hotel Moscow.
65 selfies: the Building Of the state Duma of the Russian Federation
It is in this place pour the curse of the majority of the inhabitants of Russia. It is here that sit highly paid deputies who adopt laws for their own benefit.
the Building Of the state Duma of the Russian Federation
66 selfies: Revolution square
From the very beginning in the IX century the square was named Voskresenskaya at the resurrection gate of Kitai-Gorod. In 1917, during the October armed uprising on the square were fierce battles. In memory of these events, the square was renamed Revolution square.
You are returning to the hotel.
67 selfie: Monument to Karl Marx
The monument to Karl Marx on Teatralnaya square is a gigantic granite monument erected in 1961 in front of the Bolshoi theatre and, oddly enough, has become one of the most important sights of Moscow. Despite the change of ideological course, granite Marx still remains relevant, remaining a remarkable point for tourists on the map of the city.
Karl Heinrich Marx (1818 - 1883) was a renowned German philosopher, sociologist, economist and public figure who made a significant contribution to the world economic science. Author of fundamental work " Capital. Criticism of political economy "and - in co-authorship with his friend and associate Friedrich Engels - "Communist Manifesto", which formed the basis of the ideology of emerging Communist parties and organizations in Europe. The views grounded in the works of Marx and Engels formed the philosophical economic and political doctrine-Marxism, which declared communism as a natural stage of development of society, the highest stage of human development. In a number of countries Marxism was declared an official state ideology, in the Soviet Union it took root as Marxism-Leninism, which is why the personality of Karl Marx was built into a cult.
the inscription on the monument: PROLETARIANS OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE
Monument to Karl Marx
68 selfie: Theatre square
Theatre square (in 1820-ies — Petrovskaya square, 1919-1990 years — Sverdlov square) — the square in the center of Moscow. Located to the Northwest from the Revolution square, between the Theatrical journey, Petrovka and Kopievsky lane. On the square there are Bolshoi, Maly theatres and the Russian academic youth theatre.
69 selfie: the Bolshoi theatre
The state academic Bolshoi theatre of Russia is one of the largest in Russia and one of the most significant Opera and ballet theatres in the world. The whole history of Moscow's theatre culture has been associated with the Bolshoi theatre for many years. You must have seen this magnificent building with a chariot on the roof. The mention of the architect of the Big albert Kavos that the sculptural group was made on the model of the sculptor Peter Klodt, the author of the famous four equestrian groups on Anichkov bridge over the Fontanka river in St. Petersburg remained. Sculpturea group, crowning the portico of the Bolshoi theater, perhaps the most enigmatic work Klodt. For a long time his authorship was considered controversial. Most of the researchers involved in the work of the sculptor, did not mention this work in their scientific works. Only recently the fact of creative biography of Claude was officially recognized. Before the Quadriga was the three of the Bolshoi theater, built in 1825 by architects Andrei Mikhailov and Osip Bove, also crowned the sculpture of Apollo on the chariot. This composition was made of plaster on the model of the sculptor Stepan Pimenov. It was lower than the current half a meter, in addition, horses were not four (as of now), but three.The history of the theater is usually conducted since 1776, when the provincial Prosecutor Prince Peter V. Urusov received the highest permission of Empress Catherine II " to contain ... theatrical all kinds of performances, as well as concerts, vocalists and masquerades."
the Bolshoi theatre
70 selfies: Fountain near the Bolshoi theatre
In Soviet times, the fountain at the Bolshoi theater was planned to be placed in 1940, but the war interfered with the plans of urban planners.
To the issue returned only after the great Victory.
Interesting fact! In the facing of the fountain near the Bolshoi theater, Scandinavian noble marble and granite were used, which was brought by the Nazis. The material was planned to be used for the future of the monument in Moscow - in honor of the victory of the "great" Germany over the USSR.
The invaders were expelled, and marble and granite finishes in addition to a fountain on the Theatre square, stoned basement of the building at present Tverskaya street, 9.
71 selfies: Maly Academic Theatre
The state academic Maly theatre of Russia is a drama theatre in Moscow. One of the oldest theatres in Russia, which played an outstanding role in the development of Russian national culture. Opened on October 14, 1824. We North Moody people, so very sensitively empathize with dramas and tragedies.
Maly Academic Theatre
72 selfie: a Monument to Ostrovsky at the Maly Theater
Monument to the writer Alexander Nikolayevich Ostrovsky-Russian playwright, whose work has become an important stage in the development of the Russian national theater.
Monument to Ostrovsky at the Maly Theater
73 selfies: Vital Fountain
The Vitali fountain, which is located on the border of Teatralnaya square and Revolution Square in Moscow, is one of the oldest in the capital. It was created in 1835 (according to other sources - in 1827) by the famous sculptor and portraitist Ivan Petrovich Vitali (Giovanni Vitali). The characters are water bowl-supporting amurchiki-putti-angel boys with wings who act as guardians of Comedy, Music, Poetry and Tragedy. At the time of construction, the fountain was not only a decorative decoration of the square, but also a water intake. Since in those days the water supply system in Moscow was not yet sufficiently developed, the surrounding residents came here for drinking water. In addition, at the bottom of the fountain there were special bowls designed for watering horses.
74 selfies: hotel Metropol
Hotel " Metropol "is a hotel in the center of Moscow of"5 stars" class. It was built in 1899-1905; the initiator of the construction was Savva Mamontov; by his order William Valkot developed the initial project. The building of the "Metropol" plays a crucial role in the formation of the appearance of the Theater square and the Revolution square. The hotel is the largest public building of the modern era and is recognized as one of the most significant Moscow historical and architectural monuments of this style. And it is one of the oldest and most luxurious hotels in Russia.
75 selfie: Teatralnaya metro Station
The Teatralnaya station is one of the oldest stations of the Moscow Metro. She has been working since 1938. Pay attention to the station lobby.
Come inside. Do not forget to buy a ticket at the box office. You can pay with cash and card, but faster with cash. The cashier will ask you for how many trips a ticket is. You can show your fingers the number of trips. Please do not use the middle finger, the cashier may be offended.
What does the voice in the Moscow metro say? Careful, the doors are closing, the next station ....... And another thing: be careful when detection of ownerless things inform the driver of the train.
Metro station Teatralnaya, lobby
76 selfie: Teatralnaya metro station inside
You go down to the Theater station. Indeed, the metro in Moscow is underground palaces. Take a picture at the station. Then you will need to make the transition to the station Okhotny Ryad. Look at the signs!
Teatralnaya metro station inside
77 selfies: Transition from Teatralnaya station to Okhotny Ryad station
You can easily navigate through the signs. The transition between stations is also very beautiful.
Transition from Teatralnaya station to Okhotny Ryad station
78 selfies: Okhotny Ryad Station
Okhotny Ryad is a station that changed its name more often than others and was at one time the largest station in the world. Until November 25, 1955, it was called "Okhotny Ryad", then until the autumn of 1957 - "the name of L. M. Kaganovich", after again renamed the "Okhotny Ryad", but November 30, 1961 it became"Prospect Marx". And only on November 5, 1990 the old name "Okhotny Ryad" once again returned to the station. Even before the opening, the station received the epithet - "heart of the metro", because it was located in the heart of the capital.
you have to take the train in the direction of Lenin Library and Kropotkinskaya stations
Okhotny Ryad Station
79 selfie: Lenin Library
You will not regret if on the way you go to the station Lenin Library. On the stairs to the platform in the reddish Crimean marble we see fossilized snails, shells-the remains of the life of some ancient southern seas that covered many tens of millions of years ago the whole of Crimea and the Caucasus." The station was named after the Russian state library located here on the surface of the largest in the country (until 1992 — the state library of the USSR named after V. I. Lenin).
Lenin Library station
80 selfie: Kropotkinskaya station
Kropotkinskaya station opened on may 15, 1935 as part of the first stage of the Moscow metro. However, until 1957 the station was called differently - "Palace of Soviets". The station was to become an underground lobby Of the Palace of Soviets, the grandiose construction of which took place in the 1930s on the site of the demolished Cathedral of Christ the Savior. But The Palace of Soviets was not built.
Here we come to the surface
Kropotkinskaya station inside
81 selfie station Kropotkinskaya on the outside
station Kropotkinskaya on the outside
82 selfie: the Cathedral of Christ the Savior
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is the Cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church, located in Moscow on Volkhonka street. This is the main temple of Russia. The existing building, built in the 1990s, is a recreation of the temple of the same name, created in the XIX century. The decision to create the first Church in honor of the victory in the Patriotic war of 1812 was made by Emperor Alexander I . The building of the temple was destroyed on December 5, 1931 as a result of Stalin's reconstruction of Moscow. The site was planned to give for the construction Of the Palace of Soviets, in the end, this place was created pool "Moscow", after its closure, the temple was rebuilt in 1994-1997.
the Cathedral of Christ the Savior
83 selfie: Patriarchal bridge
We go behind the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and see the Patriarchal bridge. Patriarch bridge is a pedestrian bridge over the Moscow river. It connects the territory of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and Prechistenskaya, Bersenevskaya and Yakimanskaya embankments. Opened in 2004.
84 selfie: on the Patriarch's bridge
Be sure to go to the Patriarch's bridge. The photos from there are amazing!
we cross the Moscow river on the bridge
View from Patriarch bridge
85 selfies: Art cluster Red October
The former chocolate factory Red October is the territory of the arrow of the Swamp island with an area of 5ha in the heart of Moscow.
Since 2007, the complex of red brick buildings has become a unique art cluster. Today Red October is one of the most fashionable places in the capital.
Art cluster Red October
86 selfie: Monument to Peter the Great
Monument to Peter I (the official name — Monument "To commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Russian fleet"), made by Zurab Tsereteli was erected in 1997 by order of the Government of Moscow on artificial island, erected at the separation of the Moscow river and the Vodootvodny channel. One of the highest monuments in Russia. The total height of the monument is 98 meters, the height of Peter 18 m.
Monument to Peter the Great
87 selfies: Bersenevskaya embankment
Bersenevskaya embankment stretches for 800 meters from the island arrow to the Big Stone bridge. On the opposite Bank is the Prechistenskaya embankment, which connects with the Bersenevskaya located opposite the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour pedestrian Patriarchal bridge, opened in 2004.
There are two versions of the origin of the name of the embankment. According to one of them, Bersenevskaya it was named from the installed in the XVI century lattice, protecting the street from robbers. The lattice, in turn, was named in honor of the Duma nobleman I. N. Bersen-Beklemisheva, on the initiative of which it arose. The origin of the name is also associated with the old Russian word "bersen", meaning gooseberry.
The embankment was fortified with piles and became a roadway in the middle of the XVIII century. After the fire of 1812, the wooden building was destroyed. Restoration work continued until the 1840s.
The architectural ensemble of St. Nicholas are the building of the former factory of F. ANAMA, where until 2007 he worked as a factory "Red October", the urban HOMESTEAD of the famous Smirnov vodka, the Church of St. Nicholas on the Bersenevka, the chambers of Averky Kirillov. In one of the buildings of the famous architectural complex of the second quarter of the XX century "house on the embankment" is the Moscow state variety theater.
we're going back across the Patriarchal bridge.
88 selfies: Gogol Boulevard
We return from the bridge to the lobby of the station Kropotkinskaya and go past. We came to Gogol Boulevard. Gogol Boulevard-the beginning of the Boulevard ring of Moscow. It starred the world famous Russian films "Pokrovsky gates"and" Moscow does not believe in tears." Gogol Boulevard in Moscow is one of the most beautiful and historically valuable places of the capital of Russia. This Boulevard is part of the famous Boulevard ring of Moscow, consisting of 10 boulevards. The squares, which are also included in the Boulevard ring, in the names of which there is the word "gate", are a kind of reminder of the defensive wall of the White city, on the place of which the Boulevard ring was laid.
89 selfie: Sholokhov Monument
The monument is a bronze sculptural composition: the writer sits on the oars in the boat, and behind him-horses. They seem to spread out in different directions. According to the author's idea, it symbolizes the division into "white" and "red" during the civil war of the early 20th century. However, one foal is at a loss: he does not know which direction to choose. On the other side of the Boulevard there is a bench, on which bas-reliefs with plots of the civil war are located. Symbolism the same – with different sides-red and white army.
Monument To Sholokhov
90 selfies: artists of Gogol Boulevard
On Gogol Boulevard, near the lobby of the metro station Kropotkinskaya: made special walls to artists and photographers can post and sell their work. Very pretty.
artists of Gogol Boulevard
91 selfie: a Monument to Gogol
The monument to Nikolai Gogol was opened on March 2, 1952 - on the eve of the 100th anniversary of his death-and ironically became the second monument to Gogol on this place. Due to the unusual history and General cult of the place of installation, the monument became one of the most famous in Moscow. Nikolai Gogol (1809-1852) is a recognized classic of Russian literature, prose writer, poet, playwright and publicist. Gogol wrote brilliant works. Most of all, it is a pity that he burned the second volume of the novel "Dead souls".
Monument to Gogol
92 selfies: Arbat square
Arbat square (in 1919 — Gogol square) — the area in the Central administrative district of Moscow in the district "Arbat".
93 selfies: Building of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation
The building of the General headquarters occupies an entire block. One of its facades is facing the Arbat square. The building has eight floors. The walls are decorated with marble, Ural stone-coil and granite.
It is in this building that strategic decisions are developed and made.
Building of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation
94 selfie: the Temple of Boris and Gleb on Arbat square
Temple of Boris and Gleb on Arbat square
The Church was first mentioned in the chronicle, talking about the events of July 28, 1493.
The first stone Church in honor of Boris and Gleb was built in 1527, by order of Grand Duke Vasily III. His son Ivan the terrible especially honored this Church. Under him in 1551 the Church of Boris and Gleb became one of the seven Moscow cathedrals.
The Church was demolished in 1930 under the pretext of reconstruction of the square.
The parish of the Church of the Holy princes Boris and Gleb on the Arbat square has existed since 1997.
The main throne was consecrated in the name of the Holy princes Boris and Gleb.
The first stone in the reconstructed temple (the author of the project of the architect Y. S. Vylegzhanin) was laid down on 8 may 1997.
On August 6, 1997, Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and All Russia consecrated the chapel-temple in the name of the Holy princes Boris and Gleb in the Arbat square.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin attended the consecration of the Church.
the Temple of Boris and Gleb on Arbat square
95 selfies: cinema Art
"Art" - Moscow cinema, located on the Arbat square. It was opened in 1909. One of the oldest cinemas in Russia; one of the few operating in the world of cinemas with a century of history. The oldest in Europe and one oldest in Moscow.
The original name of the cinema was "the Art of electro-theatre", although the documents it was called "the Cinematograph Broke". The building was subjected to reconstruction, restoration, reconstruction, was under the bombing, was to be demolished, but it is still standing. The first film session took place on November 11, 1909, it was the premiere of the film "Georgette".
96 selfies: One of the most famous and ancient Moscow restaurants "Prague"
"Prague"is a Moscow restaurant located on Arbat, 2.
The name of the restaurant was named cake, the recipe of which was invented by the head of the confectionery shop VM Guralnik. The restaurant appeared in the XVII century and was rebuilt many times. Originally it was the apartment house of V. I. Firsanova, where in 1872 opened a tavern " Prague "with low prices; its regular visitors were Moscow cab drivers from the Parking lot on the Arbat square, which changed the name to"Braga". In 1914, a kind of winter garden appeared on the roof.
After the revolution, the restaurant was nationalized, various shops were placed, and in 1924 opened a public dining room, sponsored by the nearby Mosselprom. In Soviet times, it was one of the most prestigious restaurants, the best chefs worked here, and guests were received in nine halls (walnut, Prague, turquoise, white, Czech, mosaic), rotunda, two winter gardens and six rooms; in summer, a veranda was opened.
restaurant " Prague"
97 selfies: Arseniy Morozov's Mansion
Mansion Arseny Morozov (now the house of receptions of the Government of the Russian Federation, from 1959 to the end of the 1990s - the house of friendship with the peoples of foreign countries) — a mansion in the center of Moscow, on Vozdvizhenka street (house number 16), built in 1895-1899 by architect Victor Mazyrin commissioned millionaire Arseny Abramovich Morozov. In the early 1890s, Arseny Morozov, together with Victor Mazyrin, his friend, made a trip to Spain and Portugal. On millionaire, as well as the architect who left an indelible impression Pena Palace in Sintra, built in the mid-nineteenth century and combines elements of Spanish-Moorish medieval architecture and national style Manueline.
Upon his return to Moscow, Arseny Morozov had the idea to build a house-castle, repeating in General the style of the Pena Palace (or, according to another version, the estate of QUINTA da Regaleira, also located in Sintra.
Arseniy Morozov's Mansion
98 selfies: New Arbat Street
In 1963-1994 New Arbat was part of Kalinin Avenue. The street is located in the Central administrative district of Moscow in the district "Arbat". Novy Arbat passes from the Arbat Gate square to the Free Russia square and is located between Arbat and Povarskaya street. On the eve of the revolution of 1917, the area where today the New Arbat is held was densely built up by noble mansions-mansions and apartment houses. In 1960, the Moscow Council decided to build a new highway, which was given the conventional name of the New Arbat.
New Arbat Street
99 selfies: Nikitsky Boulevard
Nikitsky Boulevard begins at The Arbat gate square and goes to the Nikitsky gate square. The Boulevard is named Nikitsky, as well as the gate, and the streets of Bolshaya and Malaya Nikitskaya because until the 1920s on Bolshaya Nikitskaya street there was a female Nikitsky monastery. The monastery was destroyed, and today it is the site of an electric subway station.
Nikitsky Boulevard was laid out in the 1820-ies in place of the demolished walls of the White city. Foreign travel Boulevard tech Chertoriy stream, which is removed under the ground only in the 1870s.
It should be noted that quite soon the Boulevard was chosen by the Moscow nobility, and along it the yards of the Moscow aristocracy were located.
In 1917, the Boulevard became a place of street fighting between the red army and the cadets of the Alexander school.
100 selfies : rotunda fountain Alexander and Natalie
Fountain-rotunda Alexander and Natalie installed on the square at the Nikitsky gate to the 200th anniversary of the greatest poet June 6, 1999. The fountain is a gift to the city from the Moscow government. The choice of the place for the monument is also not accidental - its forms should be in harmony with the Empire architecture of the legendary Church "Great Ascension", which is nearby. It was there that Alexander Pushkin and Natalia Goncharova were married. A sculptural composition depicting the poet next to his wife - the first beauty of Russia - was created in bronze by a young representative of the Moscow school of plastic art Mikhail Dronov. The island of tradition in the heart of today's Moscow is the best suited to the home" image of the young couple Pushkin, which sought to capture her sculptor. Work on the image was not easy, it was necessary to convey the true image of the characters from the last century, taking into account the tradition of Pushkin's iconography. For example, the sculptor "borrowed" costumes for his characters from the Mosfilm collection. A bright master of modern plastic art, whose works are kept by the "new Tretyakov gallery", turned to a realistic interpretation of the figures, remembering that it should not contradict the rhythms of the end of the century.
The fountain rotunda was built by young architects Mikhail Belov and Maxim Kharitonov in the power of Moscow classicism. It's only brighter emphasizes the temporal relationship of the new monument. Granite pedestal washed by water jets, which creates a distance and at the same time makes the characters closer to the viewer. By the way, the height of the figures is small - only 1.4 m. the Composition is placed in a solemn but intimate gazebo - 6 stone columns under the gilded dome, in the opinion of the sculptor, are well accepted in the space, the outline of the rotunda echoes the silhouette of the Church…»
The dome of the rotunda was made in Protvino with the participation of employees of the experimental production of the Institute of high energy physics.
According to the architect's plan, the three-meter diameter rotunda dome at the base is a hemisphere made of 2,400 petals covered with a composition that simulates gold. Openwork design should be combined with the reliability of operation for many years to come. The basis of the dome was the bearing farm, the strength calculation of which was carried out by the specialists of the aircraft plant that produces the world-famous MiG fighters.
The project was continuously improved in the production process with the participation of technologists and other experienced production specialists. Manufacturing hemisphere diameter of three meters, made entirely as a welded structure, was a complex technological task because of the possible heat shrinkage in the welding process, which could cause changes in size and shape. As a result of the work carried out, a dome with a total weight of more than a ton was created.
"Alexander and Natalie" - the only fountain in Moscow, which is equipped with a tap with tap water, which passes through the coal filters, purifying it to the state of the spring. There is a belief that lovers who have drunk water from the fountain will experience unearthly bliss and will be happy together.
rotunda fountain Alexander and Natalie
This concludes our self-tour in the center of Moscow. We pick you up from the fountain rotunda and take you to the hotel. In Moscow, there are still a lot of interesting places, monuments and buildings. We are ready to offer you other self-tours or develop a tour of your personal preferences.
The tour ends at 6 pm (18.00). After that, you will be transferred to the airport.