Jewish Autonomous Region
In Russia there are national republics, Autonomous districts, there are lands, there is just field, but the Autonomous region is the only one, and its autonomy is very conditional and limited to their own national language, which nobody today does not speak, and representatives of the titular nation in the Republic is almost gone. Perhaps, these facts are enough to fascinate the curious traveler, there is nothing like it either in Russia or abroad will not meet.
In addition to Israel, the region is considered the world's only Jewish administrative territorial unit with special legal status. In the South borders China on the fairway of the Amur. In the lives of 166 thousand people. The capital of the Jewish Autonomous region — Birobidzhan city, with a population of 75 500.
The first Jewish settlers arrived on the Tikhonkaya station (later Birobidzhan) in 1928. By the end of 1933 over 5 years of colonization in the Jewish Autonomous region have moved a total of 8 thousand Jews. However, many have gone back. Thus, in the period from 1928 to 1933 in the Jewish Autonomous region arrived more than 18 thousand Jews, among them about 10 thousand subsequently left the region.
Birobidzhan is also built in the valley. Before was built a strong dam along the borders of urban neighborhoods on both sides of the river Bira, city every summer, was subjected to strong floods. The floods of the river came to the Central square. But the amazing thing is that the plans for the building of the city on the other side of the river was rejected. On the right side there is a hill, which excluded flooding even during the largest floods.