The Omsk Region is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation in the south-west of Siberia and is part of the Siberian Federal District and the West Siberian Economic Region.
The territory is 141 140 km², which is 0.82% of the area of Russia. According to this indicator, the region ranks 28th in the country.
The administrative center is the city of Omsk.
The climate of the region is continental and sharply continental. The average temperature in January is -19 … -20 ° C, in July + 17 … + 18 ° C in the northern part, +19 ° C in the south. Distribution of precipitation is uneven: in the north – 400-500 mm, in the extreme south of the region – less than 300 mm.
The climate of the steppes, in comparison with the forest-steppe zone, is characterized by a great duration of the vegetative and frost-free periods, large average annual and average monthly temperatures, great dryness. Therefore, the steppe lands suffer from a lack of moisture: an average of 250-300 mm of precipitation a year, 1.5-2 times less than in the central regions of Russia.