Kursk Oblast is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation and is part of the Central Federal District. The administrative center is Kursk.
Kursk region borders on the north-west with Bryansk, in the north – with Orel, in the north-east – with Lipetsk, in the east – with Voronezh, in the south – with Belgorod regions; From the south-west and west side it adjoins the Sumy region of Ukraine.
Battle of the Kursk Bulge
It was in the Kursk region that the largest tank battle took place in the whole history, which in the future became known as the Battle of the Kursk Bulge. The Battle of Kursk (July 5 – August 23, 1943, also known as the Battle of the Kursk Bulge) is one of the key battles of the Second World War and the Great Patriotic War in terms of its scale, forces and resources, tensions, results and military and political consequences. The largest tank battle in history; it involved about two million people, six thousand tanks, four thousand airplanes.
As a result of the offensive under the plan “Kutuzov” was defeated Orel grouping of German troops and eliminated the Orel strategic base occupied by it. As a result of the operation “General of the Rumyantsev”, the Belgorod-Kharkov grouping of Germans ceased to exist and this important bridgehead was liquidated . The radical change in the course of the Great Patriotic War, begun at Stalingrad, was completed in the Battle of Kursk and the battle for the Dnieper, and in the subsequent Tehran Conference, on the initiative of F. Roosevelt, he had already discussed the plan for dismembering Germany into five states he had drawn up personally two months ago.
After the battle, the strategic initiative finally passed to the side of the Red Army, which continued to liberate the country from the German invaders and, until the war ended, conducted mainly offensive operations. Wehrmacht during the retreat from the territory of the USSR pursued a policy of “scorched earth” .
August 23 is the Day of Russia’s military glory – the Day of the defeat of the Soviet troops by the German fascist troops in the Battle of Kursk (1943). Belgorod, Kursk and Orel became the first cities in Russia to which the honorary title “City of Military Glory” was conferred.