The Komi Republic isamazing North edge,which charms you with itsbeauty.About the regionThe Republic of Komi-the subject of the Russian Federation, is a part of the North-Western Federal district.The Republic of Komi was established on August 22, 1921 as an Autonomous region. Twenty sixon may 1992 it was transformed into a Republic as a part of Russia — RepublicKomi.The capital city is Syktyvkar
The name comes from the Komi people of the Kama river, on the banks of which this people lived for many hundreds of years; historians believe that the ancestors of the Komi bred cattle in the III Millennium BC Komi belongs to the Finno-Ugric group of peoples, whose closest relatives are the Hungarians, Estonians, Karelians, Saami and Finns.
Komi themselves believe their ancestors legendary people of the Chud, and lead being four heroes co strange names UXA, Puxa, Chazy and Bach. They allegedly marked the beginning of people, and when in this region in the XV century, Christianity arrived, the Chud went under ground and became the mysterious "white-eyed Chud", which still lives in the depths of the remote areas of the Komi Republic.
It was from Komi that the custom appeared in the house of the deceased to curtain mirrors; Komi curtain all reflecting surfaces in the house. Perhaps it was connected c with the belief that y man has two souls — light after death goes to heaven, a dark continues to live in the grave and can are people.
Coma believed in Sheva — magical charms, indulging in c using the smallest worms, moths and cockroaches, which can grow in human or animal to the size of the black cat (A. Sidorov, "Sorcery, witchcraft and corruption y of Komi people"), afflicted with the damage the animals do not know the owners, women are starting to smoke, become witches, men get sick and go crazy.
Man can not die until it Sheva, he suffers and is forced to hire the services of a sorcerer to remove it. Bepa in Sheva was so strong that, when in 1918 in the village of Carnuba the peasants complained to the military that odnoselchanka brings damage, they came to her home, dragged out of bed and was immediately shot dead, a one woman Paveletskoy parish was sentenced to three years for witchcraft.
The local language seems funny to visitors, a Komi, in turn, made fun of the guests, offering them to pronounce complex or fanciful words, such as "scams" (rainbow) or "Yulaev"(street) or"pussy Yes waxey" (invitation to the table), "Yes sulfur farts" (sitting and laughing), "Guga-Bana" (topsy turvy) or "adjusts," which means goodbye.
Cannot be separated from Udmurtia, Komi,Komi peoples from Perm and from others.Until our era, these peoples inhabited the entire Western part of the present Russia.They called themselves the people of Ar.Here hence the word people ariii or Aryans.The most numerous of these peoples were Udmurts.Udmurt in Russian language translated,ood--the root-- of the ICTR.Udmurts all longer resisted Slavs until they were driven between the river Vyatka and the river Kama.The Slavs merged with these peoples was formed in the Russian people.Very much taken from these peoples is considered a Russian tradition.
Scientists still argue: Komi is one people speaking the same language, but different dialects or a group of people speaking in mutually understandable languages! Now the last, religion: Komi I practice mainly old believers, Orthodoxy and traditional religion. A very small percentage of Islam. Isolated cases-Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism!
- At the beginning of the last century, the famous center for the manufacture of household utensils of wood was vychegodskiy village zeleneč. In Nyuvchim wove the finest lace. Wooden cups that were cut out in a Brocade were in great demand. The second was famous for its potters and furriers, who were engaged in the tanning of sheepskins.
In Syktyvdinsky area preserved 15 monuments of architecture. Among them are five stone churches and eight wooden chapels. November 28, 2008 in the village of Vylgort, Syktyvkar region held the first Republican scientific and pedagogical readings "Spiritual heritage of academician Dmitry Likhachev." The conference was attended by 60 teachers, cultural workers, students from different regions of the Republic.