The Nenets Autonomous District is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. According to the Charter of the Arkhangelsk region, it is also part of the Arkhangelsk region, being both a subject of the Russian Federation and an integral part of the region. It is part of the North-West Federal District. This is the most sparsely populated subject of the Russian Federation.
In accordance with the Charter of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the Okrug is an equal subject of the Russian Federation and has on its territory all the fullness of state power outside the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and its powers in terms of joint jurisdiction.
The administrative center is the city of Naryan-Mar (24,654  people).
The district was formed on July 15, 1929. It borders on the west with the Arkhangelsk region, in the south with the Republic of Komi, in the east with the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, from the north the border runs along the coast of the White, Barents and Kara Seas, including the adjacent islands that are not within the jurisdiction of the Arkhangelsk Region.