Republic of Karelia (Karelian Forest, Karjalan tazavaldu, Karelan tašavalta, Karjalan tasavalta, Vepsian Karjalan Tazovaldkund, short names: Karelia, Karjala) is a subject of the Russian Federation, the republic in its composition. It is part of the North-West Federal District and is part of the Northern Economic District. The capital is the city of Petrozavodsk.
It was formed in 1920 as the Karelian labor commune, since 1923 is a republic.
The western border of Karelia coincides with the state border of the Russian Federation and Finland. In the east, Karelia borders on the Arkhangelsk region, in the south – with the Vologda and Leningrad regions, in the north – with the Murmansk region.
National language – Russian. Languages that enjoy state support in the republic: Karelian, Finnish and Vepsian.