The Nizhny Novgorod region is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation in the center of the European part of Russia. It is part of the Volga Federal District. The administrative center is Nizhny Novgorod.
One of the largest regions of Central Russia. Area – 76,624 km², the length from south-west to north-east – more than 400 km. Until 1990, it was called the Gorky Region.
Population – 3,247,713  people. (2017). Density of population: 42.39 people / km² (2017), the proportion of urban population: 79.49 % (2017).
It borders: in the northwest with the Kostroma region, in the north-east – with the Kirov region, in the east – with the republics of Mari El and Chuvashia, in the south – with the republic of Mordovia, in the south-west – with the Ryazan region, in the west – with the Vladimir and Ivanovo regions.