Southern Federal District (Southern Federal District, from May 13 to June 21, 2000 – the North Caucasus Federal District) – the federal district of the Russian Federation (RF) in the south of its European part. The district consists of eight subjects of the Russian Federation, with a population of 16,428,458 people (11.19% of the population of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2017) and an area of 447,821 km² (2.61% of of the territory of the Russian Federation).
The administrative center of the SFD is the city of Rostov-on-Don.
In the west and north-west the territory of the district along the Black and Azov seas, as well as on land, including de facto, on the Perekop Isthmus and part of the Arabatskaya arrows, borders Ukraine, in the east – with Kazakhstan. In the south it borders on Abkhazia and the North Caucasus Federal District, in the north – with the Central and Volga federal districts.
In the east, the federal district is bordered by the Caspian Sea, in the west by the Black Sea.