Immortal Regiment. Moscow. 9 may 2017. 850 000 people with portraits of relatives who died in the War.
Our friends from other countries often ask us why we celebrate Victory Day for so many years.
Why are we so sensitive about this holiday?
Because the Second World War touched every family of the Soviet Union. Almost no families without veterans. The whole country participated in the great Victory. Women and children mastered the male profession and got up to the machines. In the regions far from the front line, evacuated children were received and the exported enterprises were urgently put into operation. For the front and for the Victory they sacrificed everything-they worked with the last forces, starved, gave personal property to the resistance Fund.
The Defenders Of Leningrad, 1942.
1943 year. Perm. 12-year-old milling machine.
Statistics Of The Second World War.
The Artist V. F. Filo. The painting “not Even dreamed of. June 22, 1941”.
June 22 at 4 a.m. the war began, which lasted 1,418 days and nights. The great Patriotic war ended on may 8, 1945 with the complete victory of the Soviet people and the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany.
Sunday, June 22, 1941. Hitler’s troops are advancing on the Soviet Union.
It is believed that on June 22, 1941 Germany attacked the Soviet Union. In fact, it is not quite so, against the Soviet Union began the war a few countries, among them:
* Romania-about 200 thousand soldiers,
* Slovakia-90 thousand soldiers,
* Finland – about 450 thousand soldiers and officers,
* Hungary-about 500 thousand people,
* Italy-200 thousand people,
In Croatia as part of the security division
And these are only those countries that officially declared war on the Soviet Union. According to various sources, in this “crusade” against the USSR took part from one and a half to two and a half million volunteers who fought in parts of the Wehrmacht and Waffen SS.
They were representatives of such countries as: Holland, Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Sweden, Finland, France, Switzerland, Spain, Luxembourg.
The advent of the fascist troops
Evaluation of human losses
There are various estimates of the human losses of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany during the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945. Human losses of the USSR in the second world war are estimated in the range from 7 to 46 million people. The differences relate both to the methods of obtaining initial quantitative data for different loss groups and to the methods of calculation.
Most historians agree that the Soviet Union has lost 26,600,000 citizens. 4 million Soviet people were killed and tortured in Nazi concentration camps. During the war, 4.5 million servicemen were captured, more than 2 million of them were killed. In total, 34 476 700 Soviet soldiers took part in the fighting during the war.
490 thousand women were called to the Army and Navy. The number of war victims 13.7 million persons are civilians, of which was intentionally destroyed by the invaders 7.4 million, 2.2 million were killed at work in Germany, and 4.1 million died of hunger during the occupation.
The plan of German invasion in the USSR
Especially the desperate situation of prisoners of war was in the first year of the war, when it captured more than half of their total population (2.8 million people), and their work has not yet been used in the interests of the Reich. Camps under the open sky, hunger and cold, diseases and lack of medicines, the most cruel treatment, mass executions of patients and incapacitated to work and simply all objectionable, first of all the Soviet Commissars and Jews.
The area of the occupation camp near Kiev. Corpses of Soviet citizens. 1941-1943.
Human losses of Germany — 4,046 million soldiers killed, died of wounds, missing persons (включая442,1 thousand died in captivity), even 910,4 thousand returned from captivity after the war;
The main losses of the German army suffered precisely against the USSR-in the war against Poland, France, England, Norway, Belgium, Holland, Denmark and the Balkan countries Germany lost 418 805 soldiers.
The human losses of the allied countries of Germany-806 thousand soldiers killed (including 137,8 thousand dead in captivity), another 662,2 thousand returned from captivity after the war.
The German Nazis surrendering. 1943
Siege of Leningrad
One of the worst moments of the great Patriotic war was The Leningrad blockade, which lasted 880 days and broke through on January 27, 1944.
The number of victims it exceeds the loss of the US and UK combined, in the entire Second world war, as during the Nazi blockade starved to death more than 800 thousand people.
During the blockade, the daily rate of bread for workers was only 250 g, for employees, dependents and children – twice less.
Rations of bread in the Besieged Leningrad. It’s all food for the day.
In 1942, the infant mortality rate in Leningrad reached 74.8%, i.e. about 75 babies died out of 100 newborns!
The Children Of Besieged Leningrad. Hunger.
Statistics of destruction of the Soviet Union
During the war years in the USSR 1710 cities and more than 70 thousand villages were destroyed and looted, 32 thousand industrial enterprises, about 100 thousand collective and state farms, 65 thousand km of Railways, about 2 thousand monuments of architecture and history, more than 400 museums were destroyed.
A group of Soviet sappers with feelers sent for demining in the center of the destroyed Stalingrad.
The cost of the destruction
The cost of the destruction was estimated at 260 billion dollars, of which the USSR — 128 billion in Germany-48 billion in France-21 billion in Poland-20 billion in England-6.8 billion.
Destroyed Sevastopol. More than 75% of the city’s buildings were destroyed.
Towards the end of the War in 1943, together with the Soviet troops fought the soldiers of the foreign military units. On the territory of the USSR were formed: 2 Polish army, Czechoslovak army corps, 2 Romanian infantry volunteer division, Yugoslav infantry and 2 tank brigades, French air squadron “Normandy”, then the regiment”Normandy-Neman”.
By the end of the war, the number of foreign military formations was slightly more than 550 thousand people.
Soviet poster about the help of allies. Slogan: finish off the Nazi invaders in their den.
It is necessary to mention also that without denying the Holocaust of Jews, the German society still does not perceive the “Slavic” Holocaust, if the suffering of the Jewish people in the West is known to all (thousands of works), the crimes against the Slavic peoples prefer to “modestly” keep quiet.
Babi Yar: the terrible events in the autumn of 1941
Before the war, Nazi propaganda portrayed the Russian (meaning Soviet) as inferior compared to the Germans, beings, illiterate, downtrodden, incapable of skilled labour.
The atrocities of the Nazis in the Soviet Ukraine 1943
Even at the beginning of the war Hitler propaganda taught its soldiers, who went to the Russian campaign: “Destroy the pity and compassion — kill every Russian, Soviet, do not stop, if in front of you an old man or a woman, a girl or a boy…”Predatory precepts of the fascist executioners steadily implemented by the German army. In the USSR, destroyed the libraries and cultural values, took away the cattle, robbed to the bone the population, killing children, the sick, the prisoners, made slaves of thousands of Soviet citizens.
The officers said,”the more ruthless you are, the sooner the Russians will crawl at our feet.” Immediately after the invasion, you could see stunning scenes. Soldiers set fire to entire villages. The fleeing in panic residents were shot with machine guns, no regard for the fact that among them were women and children. The killings of civilians were called “cleaning” of the area of operations. One SS battalion, assigned to” clean up ” the neighborhood of Kiev, shot several tens of thousands of people, including many women and children. Even those who saw the SS became ill, and some of them were unable to continue the massacres. Then officers in order to finish the destruction of vast masses of people, ordered to banish all in the mined pits and blow them up. Propaganda companies photographed these heaps of corpses, shot them on film and produced films. Then for a long period of time in all theaters of Germany and the occupied countries of Europe were shown these films and touted as a Russian atrocities. In all German Newspapers printed pictures of corpses, and these murders were portrayed as atrocities of the Soviet troops.
Soviet poster. Artists Kukryniksy. 1943
Now be terrified of the number.
1.3 million children died during the war.
Civilized Europe showed miracles of brutal cruelty. The inhabitants of modern Germany are to pray for the moral qualities of the Soviet soldiers, who did not retaliate for the cruelty and sadism.
The boy swings on a swing, suspended from the barrel thrown by the Germans guns. Near girl with small child on its knees. 1944. Ukraine, Mykolaiv region.
A bit about our Soldiers, monuments and memory
The usual picture of an old military friends.
Acoustic radar in Leningrad. 1942
Victory day. Moscow, 1945
The pilots-heroes of the Soviet Union, which destroyed 20 full squadrons of the Luftwaffe of Germany
Pilot Ivan Kozhedub near his fighter.
The Germans at Stalingrad. 1942
A tank that shot an entire German convoy and its dead tankman. January 1943
The calculations of the Soviet 160-mm mortar model 1943 (MT-13) firing in the street urban district of Berlin schöneberg.
Soviet soldiers beat the Germans from the Western part of the village of the Crimean, 1943
Soviet troops in liberated Odessa. 1944
Soviet troops are building a bridge over the Berezina river
Soviet sniper Vladimir Pchelintsev, killed 156 Nazis spent 157 bullets.
An employee of the Hermitage Museum examines the vault after the shelling, 1943
Dances on Bolshoy Kamenny bridge in Moscow, may 9, 1945.
D. Shostakovich. Leningrad symphony.
Russian traditions on may 9
Russian tradition to celebrate 9 may Victory day, a Celebration of life and freedom from fascism. We remember the fallen heroes, relatives. We sing Patriotic songs during the war. We remember this war. We remember those who died and those who sacrificed their lives.
A new generation of ready to the protection of the Motherland.
The first Victory Day in history was celebrated by the Soviet people on may 9, 1945. On the occasion of the celebration In Moscow victory salute was organized — 30 victorious volleys, made of thousands of anti-aircraft guns. Military parade on this day was not, which, however, is not surprising. He passed on red square only one and a half months later — on June 24, and all this time left on necessary preparations.
The celebration of may 9 in the USSR
The main traditions of victory day include:
Laying flowers at the monument to the heroes of war or an unknown soldier;
A moment of silence in memory of fallen soldiers;
Festive parade, which is held in all major cities;
Festive fireworks in the evening, usually at 22 hours.
Salute on red Square in honor of Victory Day (may 9)